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Featured Research from Stanford University

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Project The Mauritian Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Project: exploring the impact of colonialism and colonisation in the Indian Ocean, Stanford University

Principal Investigator:

Modern Mauritius had its naissance in 1721 when a group of French colonists from Reunion established the first French settlement on the island. Its strategic position made it the focus of successive waves of colonising powers all of whom left their material markers. Despite this, there has been limited examination based on systematic methods-driven archaeology addressing the islands role as a colonial enclave. It was an important trading post between the Spice Islands and Europe and became a long-term colony with European, African and Indo-Chinese influence.

Project Project Director, High Speed 1, Bechtel Civil (2005 - 2007)

Principal Investigator:

Led a joint venture team of Arup, Bechtel, Halcrow and Systra to deliver the £3.5 billion, 8000+ person Channel Tunnel Rail Link Section 2, a high speed rail system from Kent to Central London. The Project was comprised of 40km of tunnels, a major underground and mainline rail hub at historic St Pancras station which was meticulously refurbished, 2 new suburban stations, a new depot and major viaduct and civil works. The Project was delivered ahead of schedule and under budget for client London Continental Railways.

Location

London, England

Project Director or Projects, Tubelines, London Underground, Bechtel Civil (2007 - 2010)

Principal Investigator:

Led integrated client team responsible for delivering £2.9 billion in capital improvements to the Jubilee, Northern and Piccadilly lines which carry over 45% of London Underground passengers. Projects included upgrading 99 stations, 150 escalators and 32 lifts, replacing and refurbishing 150km of track; all these works delivered ahead of schedule. The largest brown-field signaling upgrade in the world, and a quantum leap from the WWII era mechanical lever-frame line-side signals being replaced, the Jubilee line upgrade increased system capacity by 40%.

Project Living on the roof of the world: mechanisms underlying hypo tolerance in pikas, Stanford University (2012 - Present)

Principal Investigator:

This research investigates the mechanisms underlying species tolerance of extreme environments, focusing on pika (genus Ochotona). There are 30 pika species, each occupying a unique elevational range between 0 - 6400 m with the highest concentration of species diversity in the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau region. Limited oxygen at high elevation critically stresses aerobic metabolism; however, little is known about how pikas are capable of tolerating the extreme hypoxia of their high-elevation habitat.

Project Tracing zoonotic disease risks and immunological adaptations in bats, humans and human commensals across the Central American countryside, Stanford University (1/1/2015 - Present)

Principal Investigator:

Bats have been identified as the reservoirs for a number of emerging infectious diseases but most of these pathogens have coevolved with their hosts for long periods of time without causing issue. We are seeking to understand the potential sources, sinks and pathways of zoonotic infection in a countryside landscape that is home to one of the most diverse bat faunas in the world by examining bats and livestock as well as surveying human behavior.

Location

Costa Rica

Project Evolution, Extinction, and Conservation of Caribbean Mammals, Stanford University (2013 - Present)

Principal Investigator:

We take an interdisciplinary approach to reconstruct recent extinctions in the Caribbean across the past 15,000 years, and leverage these data towards guiding conservation planning in the region under a changing climate and growing human population. Techniques include genomics, stable isotopes, radiocarbon dating, and morphometrics.

Location

Dominican Republic

Collaborators

  • Juan Almonte, Curator, Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santo Domingo

Project Ecological and evolutionary aspects of the bat-infection relationship, Stanford University (February 2012 - Present)

Principal Investigator:

Costa Rica is home to one of the richest, most ecologically diverse bat faunas in the world and is also subject to widespread habitat conversion like many developing nations. We seek to understand how bat ecology and deforestation affect infections in bats as well as how ecologically diverse bats may have evolved to deal with their infections.

Location

Costa Rica

Project Sedimentology, Palaeoenvironment and Diagenesis of the Tertiary Burqan Formation in the Midyan area, Saudi Arabia: Implications for subsurface reservoir quality., King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUMP), Saudi Arabia

Principal Investigator:

The project involves a group of 5 professional geologists aimed at studying the sedimentation, diagenesis, and reservoir architecture and quality of syn-rift Miocene deep-water strata in the Midyan area, northwestern Saudi Arabia.

Location

Saudi Arabia

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