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Collaboration in Zimbabwe for anesthesiologist training and education research, Stanford University, Department of Anesthesiology

The University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences (UZCHS) partners with Stanford University to help improve medical education in Zimbabwe. The Department of Anesthesiology at Stanford is leading the anesthesia arm of the program. This year Drs. Crawford and McGoldrick completed a research initiative utilizing the "flipped classroom" technique, where trainees access videos for content, and classroom time focuses on interactive sessions. Results showed the local trainees had increased preparedness and knowledge of clinical scenarios involving anesthetic emergencies. Questions on relevance and adaptability of the information presented indicated a need for improvement. The residents voiced a desire for additional video lectures with interest in designing their own. One local trainee created two video lectures to incorporate into the newly developing regional anesthesia curriculum and several other Zimbabwe residents (registrars) have expressed interest in doing the same. The needs assessment also identified additional curriculum development for regional anesthesia specifically peripheral nerve blocks, a simulation lab, and video lectures covering topics in which they receive limited clinical experience. The opportunity to host faculty (Samson Shumbairerwa and Faraj Madzimbamuto) from UZCHS at Stanford to see our entire graduate medical education system would provide them with a research perspective so they can further determine what teaching methods will work best for them.


University of Zimbabwe Campus Harare 00263 Zimbabwe


  • Ana Crawford, Clinical Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
  • Rebecca McGoldrick, Clinical Instructor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine

Principal Investigator:

Alex Macario MD MBA

Current Research Interests: 
Dr. Macario studies health care economics and outcomes, with a special focus on surgery and anesthesia.

Dr. Macario is well known for helping develop the field of operating room management.

He is also passionate about cost-effectiveness analyses of drugs and devices.

For the past decade Dr. Macario has added research in medical education as a key focus to better understand methods to best teach residents.

Google Scholar calculates Dr. Macario’s H-Index as 45 and his I-10 as 99.
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