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Featured Research from Stanford University

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Project OPV transmissibility in communities after cessation of routine OPV immunization, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (10/28/2014 - 3/31/2017)

Principal Investigator:

The Maldonado Group recently received a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for a 2.5 year study investigating the dynamics of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) household and community transmission in 3 communities in Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico. Mexico provides a unique environment to study OPV transmission. Currently, Mexican children receive inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) in their primary vaccination series.

Project Evaluation of mobile technology platform to enhance evidence based practice for the treatment & epidemiological surveillance for diarrheal diseases in Bangladesh :A cluster randomized controlled trial, Stanford University

Principal Investigator:

Case fatality rates from diarrhoeal disease, including cholera, can rise above the WHO accepted threshold of 1% in both endemic and non-endemic settings, even in regions of Bangladesh. One challenge to reduce the morbidity and mortality from diarrhoeal diseases is to develop desired and scalable tools to improve decision support, and to be able to more easily report diarrhoeal cases.
We hypothesize that a mobile phone based decision support tool will improve adherence to management guidelines for fluid resuscitation compared to existing methods.

Project Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics, Stanford University, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Principal Investigator:

CAMP has the goal of making molecular photovoltaics cost competitive with other forms of electricity by developing the science and technology such that cells with efficiencies greater than 15% and lifetimes longer than 10 years can be manufactured at low cost. We make solar cells by depositing polymers from solution, evaporating small molecules and sensitizing titania with dyes.

Project Innovating Disaster Microinsurance for Local Market Recovery, Stanford University

Principal Investigator:

The recovery of local markets is critical to moving from an immediate relief to recovery phase in humanitarian crises. Often, very small and micro-enterprises (SMEs) comprise the markets for goods and services that the urban poor use. Recovering these markets may improve livelihood and market restoration making disaster relief easier and more cost-effective. Unfortunately, these SMEs are excluded from access to risk financing in the form of insurance.

Project Urban Slum Vulnerability and Indicator Development for Slow Onset Urban Emergencies (IDSUE), Concern Worldwide (2013 - Present)

Principal Investigator:

The world is rapidly urbanizing with the majority of the world’s population now living in urban areas. In many rapidly urbanizing cities, the slum population now makes up over 60% of the urban populace. This demographic transition is creating complex urban landscapes with disproportionately large slums that concentrate hazards and vulnerabilities to natural and man-made disasters.

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